Bharat Ratna & Bharat Ratna Award List 2022

This article is about the highest civilian award in India (Bharat Ratna Award) – Bharat Ratna Is the highest civilian award in India and it’s known as the ‘Jewel of India’. The Bharat Ratna Awards were started on 02 January 1954 and it is awarded for exceptional service to the nation in recognition of various fields such as science, arts, literature, polity, sports, and social work of the highest order. So far it has been given to only 48 people (16 posthumously). It is always proposed by the Prime Minister of India and given by the President of India and It is provided to a maximum of 3 people per year.

Award NameBharat Ratna
Award TypeNational civilian
CountryIndia
Presented byPresident of India
Established1954
First awarded1954
Last awarded2019
Total48

The History of Bharat Ratna

  • The award was instituted on 2 January 1954 by the former President of India, Rajendra Prasad. When the Bharat Ratna Award was instituted, it was given to the nation for exceptional service in the fields of science, art, literature, politics, and social work of the highest order. Then in 2011, Bharat Ratna Award is given for exceptional service to the nation in any field.
  • The provision for awarding posthumously in January 1955 was added to the statute of this prestigious award.
  • The first posthumously received the Bharat Ratna Award – Shanti Purush Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • The first youngest sportsman received the Bharat Ratna Award – Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (at the age of 40)
  • The first oldest person received the Bharat Ratna Award – Dhondo Keshav Karve (at the age of 100)
  • Nationalised Indian received the Bharat Ratna Award – Mother Teresa
  • The first foreigner received the Bharat Ratna Award – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela (former prime minister of South Africa)

The Award (Bharat Ratna)

  • The medal is made like a peepal tree leaf with incense in the center and the Bharat Ratna is engraved below it.
  • The medal is made in bronze.
  • On the backside, the emblem of India is embossed and Satyameva Jayate is inscribed in the Devanagari script.
  • The award does not carry any monetary arrangements.

Bharat Ratna Award List From 1995 to 2019

Here is the complete list of Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1995 to 2019. You can download the Bharat Ratna Award list PDF below.

AwardeesYearAbout
C. Rajagopalachari1954He was the last Governor-General of India and Indian politician, independence activist, lawyer, writer, historian, and statesman.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan1954First Vice President of India and Indian philosopher and statesman
C. V. Raman1954Indian physicist who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering
Bhagwan Das1955Indian Theosophist and a part of the Central Legislative Assembly of British India
M. Visvesvaraya1955Civil Engineer and Statesman
Jawaharlal Nehru1955Indian independence activist, First Prime Minister of India
Govind Ballabh Pant1957Indian freedom fighter, One of the architects of modern India
Dhondo Keshav Karve1958A social reformer in India in the field of women’s welfare
Bidhan Chandra Roy1961An eminent Indian physician, educationist, philanthropist, freedom fighter, and politician, He served as the Chief Minister of West Bengal from 1948
Purushottam Das Tandon1961A freedom fighter from Uttar Pradesh, India. He has put enormous efforts into achieving the Official Language of India status for Hindi.
Rajendra Prasad1962First President of India
Zakir Husain1963Third President of India
Pandurang Vaman Kane1963Indologist and Sanskrit scholar
Lal Bahadur Shastri1966Second President of India
Indira Gandhi1971The only female Prime Minister of India
V. V. Giri1975Fourth President of India
K. Kamaraj1976A leader of the Indian National Congress
Mother Teresa1980An Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary
Vinoba Bhave1983An Indian advocate of nonviolence and human rights
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1987A Pashtun independence activist
M. G. Ramachandran1988An Indian actor, filmmaker, and politician who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
B. R. Ambedkar1990An Indian jurist, economist, politician, and social reformer who was a part of the Dalit Buddhist movement
Nelson Mandela1990A South African revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa
Rajiv Gandhi1991An Indian politician who served as the 6th Prime Minister of India
Vallabhbhai Patel1991The First Deputy Prime Minister of India
Morarji Desai1991An Indian independence activist, 4th Prime Minister of India
Abul Kalam Azad1992An Indian scholar, independence activist, and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress
J. R. D. Tata1992Chairman of Tata Group
Satyajit Ray1992Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, music composer, graphic artist, lyricist, and author
Aruna Asaf Ali1997An Indian independence activist and First Mayor of Delhi
Gulzarilal Nanda1997Indian politician and economist who specialized in labor issues
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam1997Missile Man of India
M. S. Subbulakshmi1998Indian Carnatic singer from Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Chidambaram Subramaniam1998An Indian politician and Independence activist
Jayaprakash Narayan1999Indian independence activist, theorist, socialist and political leader
Amartya Sen1999Indian economist and philosopher
Gopinath Bordoloi1999First Chief Minister of Assam
Ravi Shankar1999An Indian musician and a composer of Hindustani classical music
Lata Mangeshkar2001Indian playback singer and music director
Bismillah Khan2001Indian musician credited with popularizing the shehnai
Bhimsen Joshi2009Indian vocalist from Karnataka
C. N. R. Rao2014Currently, the Head of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India
Sachin Tendulkar2014Former captain of the Indian national team and one of the greatest batsmen in the history of Cricket.
Madan Mohan Malaviya2015An Indian educationist and politician
Atal Bihari Vajpayee2015Indian politician, statesman, and poet.
He served three terms as the Prime Minister of India
Pranab Mukherjee201913th President of India
Nanaji Deshmukh2019Social Activist
Bhupen Hazarika2019An Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet, and film-maker from Assam

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.