The List of Tribes of Odisha – Odisha is one of the 30 states in India. It is the 9th largest state of India and is known for its tribal cultures and its many ancient Hindu Temples. Odisha is located in the northeastern part of India, facing the Bay of Bengal. It got recognition as a new state on 1 April 1936 During the British period.
The Tribes of Odisha
Odisha occupies a distinctive position among the Indian states for having a rich and vivid tribal scenario. The majority of scheduled tribe resides in hilly and forest regions. Their economy is largely sustenance oriented, non-stratified, and non-specialized.
Their social system is very simple, so desires and needs are much less. However, the scheduled tribe in Odisha has suffered from social, educational, and economic backwardness due to the unavailability of modernization in most rural areas, they have their own uniqueness and socio-economic environment.
The activity of socioeconomic development going on after independence has accelerated a lot. There are 74 vernaculars spoken by 62 scheduled tribes living in Odisha. Their ethos, beliefs, perspective, moral principle, and cultural heritage are ample and diversified. On one hand, there are hunters and food gatherers whereas on the other skilled settled agriculturists and farmers. Thus, the tribal areas of Odisha present very intensely varied socio-economic perspectives.
The List of Tribes of Odisha
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As per the census 2011, Odisha stands as the third highest percentage of tribal population in the country which stands at 9590756. The state has the specific distinction of having 62 different tribal communities spread over 30 districts and 314 blocks.
They comprise 22.85 percent of the total population of the state and contribute 9.17 percent to the total tribe population of the country. The growth and distribution of the ST population have got particular significance.